But Europe is at the bottom of all this. Since we entered what was then called the EEC on January 1 1973, people have increasingly come to believe that they were lied to. The issue of sovereignty – so often dismissed as being “academic” – is, in fact, the ultimate issue in a democracy. We vote because we believe that, by voting, we are choosing who will govern us. By entering the EEC on the terms that the then Tory government accepted, our leaders undermined the reality of our power to choose. They transferred our sovereignty while claiming it would not be affected. Forty years on, we still hold elections. The winners retain the titles and the money that go with government; but they do not really govern us.